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吉州窑木叶茶碗

类别:瓷器

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规格 口径10.5cm 高4.4cm
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宋吉州窑窑变黑釉最受重用。宋南北方都有黑瓷生产,产量比较大,器型主要是碗、盘、罐、坛、枕等,以碗的产量最大,这与宋朝的“斗茶”风俗有关。造型一为小浅圈足,斜弧腹,口沿直;另一种为撇口,如喇叭,小浅圈足,腹壁斜直。这些黑釉碗虽都以黑色釉为基本装饰,通过独特的生产技艺和装饰手法,但经过特殊加工或窑变,烧造出品类繁多、风采独具的黑釉彩器,形成了很多种类。有兔毫釉、鹧鸪斑、油滴釉、玳瑁斑、剪纸贴花、木叶纹、黑釉印花、黑釉金彩,黑釉彩斑、黑釉剔花等等吉州窑瓷器,南宋时就流入日本等东南亚国家,并深受喜爱。当时来中国的日本僧侣,在浙江临安天目山一带发现这类黑釉茶盏,由于交通阻隔、信息匮乏导致认识上的不足,日本人通统建窑与吉州窑茶盏为“黑釉天目”。此藏品如今己是十分罕见,成了国宝级的珍稀之物了。Blackened glaze of song Jizhou kiln is the most reused. Black porcelain is produced in both north and south song dynasty, with relatively large output. the main types of porcelain are bowls, plates, pots, jars, pillows and the like, and the output of bowls is the highest.Da, this is related to the custom of " fighting tea" in song dynasty. The first shape is a small shallow circle foot, oblique arc abdomen, and the mouth edge is straight; The other one is a curl, such as a trumpet, a small shallow circle of feet, and an oblique and straight abdominal wall. These blacksAlthough the glazed bowls are all decorated with black glaze as the basic decoration, through unique production techniques and decorative techniques, they have been specially processed or kiln - transformed, and produced various kinds of black glaze colorizers with unique elegant demeanor., forming many kinds. There are rabbit milliglaze, partridge spot, oil drop glaze, tortoise shell spot, paper-cut applique, wood leaf pattern, black glaze printing, black glaze gold color, black glaze color spot, black glaze decal and so on.Jizhou kiln porcelain flowed into Japan and other southeast Asian countries in southern song dynasty, and was deeply loved. Japanese monks who came to China at that time found this kind of black glazed teacups in Tianmu mountain, Lin 'an, Zhejiang province.Because of the lack of knowledge caused by traffic barriers and information, the tea cups of tongtong jianyao and Jizhou kiln in Japan are " black glazed Tianmu". This collection is now very rare and has become a national treasure.Rare and precious thing in the world

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收藏品鉴定四字决:看/听/比/试

就是要将瓷器上下内外细细观察一遍。一看瓷器釉面是否光洁润滑,有无擦伤、小孔、黑点和气泡;二看形状是否规整,有无变形;三看画面有无损缺;四看底部是否平整,须放置平稳,无毛刺。

就是听轻轻弹叩瓷器时发出的声音。如声音清脆、悦耳,则说明瓷胎细致密实,无裂损,在高温烧成时,瓷化完全。如声音喑哑,就可断定瓷胎有裂损,或者瓷化不完全,这类瓷器经冷热变化,易开裂。

就是比较。对配套瓷器,要比较各配件,看其造型及画面装饰是否协调一致。尤其是成套的青花或青花玲珑瓷,因为青花呈色随烧成温度不同而发生变化,所以同是青花瓷,颜色有深有浅,一套几件乃至数十件的成套冷瓷器,如各件青花呈色有明显差异,这套瓷器就大为逊色了。

就是试盖、试装、试验。有的瓷器带盖子,有的瓷器由几个元件组合而成,在挑选瓷器时,别忘了将盖子试盖一下,将元件试组装一下,看看是否合适。另外,有的瓷器具有特殊功能,如滴水观音,能自动滴水;九龙公道杯,酒斟满到某一位置,会全部漏光。所以要试验一下,看其功能是否正常。

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